Fundamental Principles Of Insurance

Fundamental Principles Of Insurance

Insurance is a contract, a risk transfer mechanism whereby a company (Underwriter) promised to compensate or indemnify another party (Policyholder) upon the payment of reasonable premium to the insurance company to cover the subject-matter of insurance. If you are well conversant with these principles, you will be in a better position in negotiating you insurance needs.

1. Insurable interest. This is the financial or monetary interest that the owner or possessor of property has in the subject-matter of insurance. The mere fact that it might be detrimental to him should a loss occurred because of his financial stake in that assets gives him the ability to insure the property. Castellin Vs Preston 1886.

2. Umberima fadei. It means utmost good faith, this principle stated that the parties to insurance contract must disclose accurately and fully all the facts material to the risk being proposed. That is to say that the insured must make known to the insurer all facts regarding the risk to be insured (Looker Vs Law Union and Rock 1928). Likewise, the underwriter must highlight and explain the terms, conditions and exceptions of the insurance policy. And the policy must be void of small prints.

3. Indemnity. It stated that following a loss, the insurer should ensure that they placed the insured in the exact financial position he enjoyed prior to the loss (Leppard Vs Excess).

4. Contribution. In a situation where two or more insurers is covering a particular risk, if a loss occurred, the insurers must contribute towards the settlement of the claim in accordance with their rateable proportion.

5. Subrogation. It has often been said that contribution and subrogation are corollary of indemnity, which means the afore-mentioned two principles operates so that indemnity does not fail.

Subrogation operates mainly on motor insurance. When an accident occurred involving two or more vehicles, there must be tortfeasor(s) who is responsible for accident. On this basis, the insurer covering the policyholder who was not at fault can recover their outlay from the underwriter of the policyholder who is responsible for the incidence.

Saving Money on Your Phone Bills

Saving Money on Your Phone Bills

There are many ways to cut the amount of money you spend on your phone bills. With our business and personal lives becoming ever more fast-paced, a great many of us are spending more and more time on our phones. However, the advancement in technology doesn’t necessarily mean you have to spend more on your phone bills – instead, it could actually save you money.

When you are at home, using online phone services such as Skype can be hugely beneficial. Many of these are free and you will be able to not only make free calls, but also potentially have free video calls, a far less impersonal source of communication than the phone can be.

Next, try getting rid of the landline. Many people spend huge amounts on a landline they rarely use. Mobile internet or external hubs can be far cheaper than line rental and many will find that mobile phones can offer the majority of the internet access they need. With tablets becoming more and more advanced all the time, these may also very soon replace the need for home broadband via telephone lines.

SIM free phones can also help. Whether you choose a SIM free iPhone or any of the many androids available without ties to a specific network, the ability to use SIM free phones to let you change service provider as and when you want to could well see you saving a great deal of money as you will always be able to ensure you can get the very best deal.

From using a SIM free iPhone to simply negotiating the tariff you have with the network providing your contract, there are many ways to save a great deal of money. You don’t have to use your phone less to cut your costs – you simply need to know the best way to use them.

The Article is written by www.superetrader.co.uk providing and . Visit for more information on www.superetrader.co.uk Products and Services___________________________Copyright information This article is free for reproduction but must be reproduced in its entirety, including live links and this copyright statement must be included. Visit www.superetrader.co.uk for more services!

Changing Dynamics Of Indian Car Market

Changing Dynamics Of Indian Car Market

Ford Cars one of the best International passenger car maker yet to make a marked presence in Indian Automobile Sector
With a market share of 3.5% in Indian passenger car market, Ford India has 4 models Figo, Fiesta Classic, New Fiesta and Ford Endeavour in its portfolio

With the entry level hatchback Figo in both Petrol and Diesel models Ford India though has been able to increase the sales but yet to achieve a substantial share in Indian passenger car market. However, the class and technology of Ford cars are world class one of the main reasons of low growth is a high concentration on entry segment hatchbacks in India. With a huge network Maruti Suzuki and Hyundai along with Tata Motors captures over 2/3rd of the market share, rest car market is spread among various car manufacturers looking for a pie Honda Siel Cars, Chevrolet India, Fiat, Nissan, Renault, Toyota, Skoda, Volkswagen, Mahindra & Mahindra and luxury segment of Audi, BMW and Mercedes Benz

Ford India as per its future strategy seems to have an all aggressive plans with upcoming launch of Ford Eco sport along with Ford Endeavour in Indian car market. The proposed classification strategy of Ford cars seems to be
a) Entry Segment will have Ford Figo
b) Mid Entry Sedan Segment will have Fiesta Classic
c) Mid Sedan will have New Fiesta
d) Entry Level SUV will have Upcoming Launch of Ford Eco Sport
e) High End SUV in budget of Rs. 20 Lac will see Ford New Endeavour coming in Indian Car market

Chevrolet India, the very next competition to Ford also has market share under 4% , but with higher number of models Spark, Beat, Uva, Aveo, Tavera, Optra, Cruze and Captiva. Chevrolet India another American car maker is yet to make a marked presence in Indian car market. However, the new Captiva and Trail blazer will change the dynamics of Indian automobile Industry in SUV Segment which is been captured by Toyota Fortuner.

The dynamics of Indian Automobile Industry is poised to change with almost 50 new models or facelift models are expected in next 12 months. With the market share tilted towards Maruti Suzuki commanding over 40% of passenger car market in India. With new models coming in it will by sure make the presence of American and European car makers Volkswagen and Skoda to see an enhance market share as part of business strategy.

Understanding The Ins And Outs Of A Coffee Franchise

Understanding The Ins And Outs Of A Coffee Franchise

Owning a coffee franchise can be a very rewarding experience, but before you sign on the dotted line and start serving hot cups of ‘joe’, there’s certain things you need to know so you can make the right decision. If you go into buying a coffee franchise blindly, you could end up making a very costly mistake.

First things first, get a reality check. You should know going in what kind of money you have to put towards a coffee franchise, you should understand your strengths and weaknesses in running a business and be very honest with yourself about how much time you’re willing to spend in your business. If you do this, you’ll be way ahead of the curve. Don’t jump into any decision. Take your time, consult with franchise experts and do your due diligence.

The attractive thing about owning a coffee franchise is the cash flow and profit margin. People are drinking coffee today like it’s going out of style and they are happily paying upwards of $3 per cup. The real cost of the coffee is under $.25. The profit margins with coffee are HUGE! On the contrary, only making a few bucks per cup isn’t going to get you a mansion in Beverly Hills. A Coffee franchise is 100% a volume business. You have to crank out thousands of cups per month to see any real income. Some of the most successful coffee franchises have drive-thrus which can make up to 70% of the revenues.

The real secret of a coffee franchise is NOT the coffee, but the atmosphere. People can get coffee anywhere, but they come to these shops because of the social element. They come to hang out, conduct business, surf the web, relax, read a book, whatever. That’s why so many coffee franchises have the relaxing and mellow look and feel to them.

However, there are things about a coffee franchise that aren’t so fun from the very start. First, the high start-up costs can be huge. Not only will you have to pay a hefty franchise fee, but then you have to get a location, you’ll have to get equipment, you’ll have inventory to get, fixed costs, variable costs, employee wages and on and on. The costs can be high. Don’t forget about the royalty fees that are based on gross revenues, not net profits.

Now even if you are financially capable of buying the coffee franchise, that won’t matter because there are more pre-qualifiers you must meet. You’re going to need a considerable net worth, a good credit history but the real challenge is that you have to get approval to buy the franchise. If they don’t like you, they won’t sell you a franchise.

The Art Of Body Modification Branding

The Art Of Body Modification Branding

Through the years, man has unceasingly found ways to express their innate creativity and uniqueness. This is evident in many works of art collected throughout the years. However, such ingenuity is not only confined in crafts, sculptures, and paintings. Some people have literally made their own body as their canvas! These people are not only content of admiring art pieces; they made themselves the living and breathing artwork. This is mainly because some people find extreme satisfaction on being different from the rest or getting the kind of attention they unabashedly seek. Hence, this gave birth to the art of body modification.

The art of modifying the human body was already practiced centuries ago in native tribes as a way of making themselves look more attractive for their mate. It has taken a lot of form, such as body tattoo, piercing and interestingly body modification branding. The latter is unquestionably an extreme art form since it requires burning a part of the skin to create a permanent scar.

Body modification branding or otherwise known as scarification have earlier been used in burning identifying marks on livestock. Centuries ago. Greeks used it as a popular form of punishment for slaves and fugitives. Law offenders are branded on their forehead as a blatant sign of condemnation and to intentionally spur social disdain and disgrace. However, this barbaric act was later banned since it violates the human rights act and is deemed to be an extreme penalty to bear for most people.

Nowadays, body modification branding still exists in some sectors of society. No longer as a severe form of castigation but as a voluntary mark of association to a certain group. This practice is quite common in fraternities and organized crime groups. The scar apparently becomes their official membership mark of some sort. Some people use the body modification branding as a right of passage, especially for people who are aspiring to be a member of an exclusive group.

The body modification branding actually has two methods: the strike, where the artist will use a piece of metal to burn the skin repeatedly and the cautery, which uses a cautery pen to make a permanent scar on the skin. Both produce similar results and the scar is something the person will bear for the rest of his life. People who practice branding would claim it is a freestyle form of art, but a lot of people think otherwise. To the eyes of many, it is still a callous act that should no longer be practiced in this modern age.

Find insightful and useful information about Marketing tools and Publicity at MarketingArticles.com.

Mechanical Forex Trading System – A Checklist On How To Choose The Best Systems

Mechanical Forex Trading System – A Checklist On How To Choose The Best Systems

If you want to use a mechanical Forex trading system and make profits you need to be aware that most systems don’t make money and if you are choosing one, you need to pick one that has a good track record but one that has these key points..

Its verified as correct by an outside independent party which has audited it and it should be at least 2 years in length and this will get rid of all the mechanical trading systems that simply claim big profits and produce no track records that are verified!

Look online and you will see lots of cheap Forex robots and Expert Advisors who claim they will make you money with no effort, for $200.00 or less and don’t produce any verified track records, all you get are:

Meaningless back tests done on historical data knowing the closing prices and it’s so easy to make money doing this a child could do it.

Or

Figures the vendor tells you to believe without any independent check! Your supposed to take the word of the vendor but he is selling the system so this is not an independent check.

These systems are all easy to spot by the ridiculously large gains to drawdown they claim and you will very often see 100 – 300% annual gains and drawdown of 1% or less! This would be great if it were true but not even the world’s best traders manage this and a two hundred dollar Robot doing it? Don’t think so!

If you want a mechanical trading system, look for one with a verified track record two years in length and the best will do 50 – 100% gains with 20 – 50% drawdown and these drawdown periods can last for a few weeks to a couple of months. When trading ignore these drawdown periods ( they simply happen) and keep your eye on the long term performance.

If you want to trade a Forex trading system focus on the long term and accept drawdown, all systems have these periods but that won’t stop you making a lot of money long term, if your system is based on sound logic.

If you want to trade a mechanical Forex trading system choose one with real performance figures which are verified, learn the logic so you have confidence in it, focus on the long term and you can generate a great second income for 30 minutes work or less per day.

Automatic Forex Trading Systems – Is It Possible To Make 100% A Month With Forex Expert Advisors

Automatic Forex Trading Systems – Is It Possible To Make 100% A Month With Forex Expert Advisors

If you’re interested in Forex trading as a stream of passive income, you will know that there are thousands of websites out there advertising Forex expert advisors that promise 100% per month returns. From a marketing point of view, that alone serves to sell lots of systems because it appeals to one of our basic human weaknesses: greed.

You’ve probably asked yourself, and others: Is it really possible to make 100% a month with Forex expert advisors? By the end of this article, you will know which automatic Forex trading systems will give you a safe, consistent, long term profit, and which Forex expert advisors will destroy your account.

If you’ve ever tried any of the many Forex expert advisors out there that promise you a return of 100% or more each month, you may have successfully doubled your profit once or twice, and then suffered one or two big losses that completely wiped out your account. Regardless of what any automatic Forex trading systems developer might claim, you’re not alone. In fact, thousands of people have experienced exactly what you have gone through, for one simple reason.

The thing is, every Forex expert advisor can double or even triple your money in a very short period of time. That’s not the issue. The issue is that they are designed to specifically take huge risks to achieve these extreme returns. What the people selling these Forex expert advisors will never tell you is that you’re just as likely to lose your deposit as achieve the promised return. Shocking, isn’t it?

That’s right, you can be sure that if you apply any of these 100% per month Forex expert advisors, you will blow out your trading account and lose all of your hard earned capital. You may double your money two or three times, then wake up one morning and find that you’ve lost it all and more in one bad trade. It’s just not worth the risk.

If you’re looking for safe and consistent trading profits each and every month, then the best Forex expert advisor for you is one that aims for a lower return with a lower risk. Automatic Forex trading systems that deliver a 5-10% per month return for years are far better than systems that are here today and gone tomorrow.

So is it possible to double your money with Forex expert advisors? Yes, but the best Forex expert advisor for your account balance is one that doesn’t try to do that in a month. Look for safe, consistent, long-term returns and not a quick and easy buck.

Education Franchise Only One Of Its Kind Requiring Tutors To Have Master’s Degree

Education Franchise Only One Of Its Kind Requiring Tutors To Have Master’s Degree

Chyten Educational Services was founded in 1984 by Neil Chyten who believed that every child deserved an opportunity to reach their highest potential. Using customized programs for students based on their individual needs, the education franchise has provided test preparation and specialized tutoring services for the past 25 years and his franchise is one of the fastest growing supplemental educational businesses in America.

According to Neil Chyten, who serves as the company’s president, what sets his education program apart from similar franchises is Chyten brings a whole new style curriculum, individualized one on one tutoring by tutors who all have at least a masters degree and teaching experience.

“Our name has become synonymous with the word ‘excellence’ in the areas we serve,” says Chyten. “Having been exposed to many different educational programs, I am convinced that highly qualified and experienced teachers can make a real difference in students lives which is why we only employ tutors with a minimum of a master’s degree and who also have prior teaching experience.”

Chyten believes these standards for teachers give his franchise a competitive advantage over other education programs with lower standards for instructors, and the franchise is beginning to expand across the country as the demand for quality education services continues to grow.

Chyten Educational Services began offering its franchise in the fall of 2007 and has seen positive results from its program. The company is actively seeking new franchisees to share in their commitment to providing quality education programs.

“Chyten franchisees can take advantage of all the years of hard work we have put into developing the concept,” explains Chyten who also stresses he has the only franchise model of its kind in the education industry. “Having uniqueness is a key ingredient in selecting a franchise concept.”

Chyten also believes it is important for potential franchisees to find a concept that fits their personality and style. He says that good candidates for a Chyten franchise are those who possess good people skills, good communication skills, and individuals with a strong work ethic who have a belief in the value of education. “We look for people who have a real desire to give back and help others reach their true potential,” says Chyten.

Franchise fees for the Chyten concept cover all necessary startup needed for new franchise owners according to Chyten including site selection, lease negotiation, and training. Royalty fees are applied to offset the support costs once the franchisee is up and running.

The Chyten education franchise offers a third party financing program to cover leasehold improvements as well as some equipment. Franchise locations can typically be in business within 90 to 120 days.

Subway Franchise Review – One Footlong At A Time

Subway Franchise Review – One Footlong At A Time

The first Subway franchise was born in 1974 even though founder Fred DeLuca opened his first store 9 years earlier. Today there are currently over 29,000 Subway franchises spanning the globe in over 85 countries. Entrepreneur magazine has ranked Subway the number one franchise 13 out of the last 17 years, so its a rock-solid franchise.

Even with its amazing popularity and tremendous track record, the real question is deciding whether or not owning a Subway franchise is the right choice for you and your family. There’s a ton of things you should consider when making this big of a choice, so let’s identify what the positives and negatives are.

First of all, the total cost of entry and the total investment to get started ranges anywhere from $101,000 to $285,000. The reason for the big discrepancy depends on whether you’re buying an existing franchise or you’re having to build one or start one from the ground up. Other costs may include remodeling, leasing equipment, inventory, etc. Typically, the down payment that’s required must come from your personal liquid assets and can NOT be borrowed or come from a loan. That fact right there might eliminate some potential franchise owners.

Every Subway franchise pays a royalty fee to the company, specifically 8% of their overall gross sales. This is very important to understand because losing 8% right off the top before you pay for any rent, equipment, inventory, marketing, employees, etc can make a difference in whether or not you’re profitable. On the other hand, in exchange for the royalties the franchisee’s are rewarded with a strong brand recognition and national advertising campaigns.

As far as sales are concerned, 2800 sandwiches and salads are sold every 60 seconds. This provides a pretty constant flow of customers and expected sales. Potential franchise owners feel comfortable with this knowing that their stores most likely will not be empty. Besides, people have to eat somewhere, right?

On the flip side, you are at the mercy of your store location when owning a Subway franchise. No matter if you are open 24 hours, a location can only serve so many customers and can only make so much money. Obviously the product can not be sold online or in other areas, so actually getting traffic to the store is the only way to make sales. In this regard, the Subway franchise is NOT scalable. An entrepreneur would probably have to own multiple locations to really generate the kind of income they would be looking for in owning a franchise.

Furthermore, to buy a franchise, you must have good credit, have considerable net worth and you have to be approved by the company. Once again, this could potentially eliminate more prospective franchise buyers. In the end, owning a Subway franchise is a solid way to have a great chance of success but keep in mind that to really make it big, you’ll probably have to own about 10 or more.